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What is Fragile X Syndrome?

Do you know what Fragile X is?

Do you know what Fragile X Syndrome is?

Fragile X syndrome is not as wide known as other developmental disorders like autism. Fragile X syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a change in the person’s genes. This disorder is caused when changes are made to the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. This gene produces a protein called fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). This protein is needed for normal brain development. Fragile X syndrome affects both males and females although it is unknown how many people are affected by this genetic disorder. Now that you know what fragile X syndrome is, let’s take a look at the symptoms of this disorder as well as some treatment options.

Signs and Symptoms of Fragile X Syndrome

The signs of fragile X syndrome include developmental delays including not talking, walking, or sitting at the same time as other children their age; learning disabilities; and social and behavioral problems. These social and behavioral problems can include not making eye contact, anxiety, trouble paying attention, hand flapping, being extremely active, and even asking or speaking without thinking. While females with fragile X syndrome can have normal intelligence or some degree of intellectual disability, males with fragile X have some degree of intellectual disabilities ranging from mild to severe. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) can also occur more frequently in people with this syndrome.

Testing and Diagnosis

Testing a person’s DNA from a blood test is the only way fragile X syndrome can be diagnosed. This test is done to find changes to the FMR1 gene. A confirmed diagnosis of fragile X syndrome can be extremely helpful as it gives a reason for a child’s behavior problems and intellectual disabilities.


There is no cure for fragile X, but there are treatments to help people learn important life skills like learning to talk, walk, and interact with others. Medicine can help control some issues like behavior problems. To find the right balance of therapy and medication, all of the caregivers and parents must work together in the best interest of the child. It is also important for early intervention. Early intervention services will help children from birth to three years of age learn important skills they will need later in life. Even if the child has not been diagnosed with fragile X, he or she may be eligible for special services. Fragile X syndrome is not curable, but that does not mean it is not treatable. With the right support and therapies, your children with fragile X syndrome may learn to be independent.

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Family Service Foundation, Inc. has been serving the greater Maryland area since 1936. This nonprofit organization helps Maryland residents across a span of different areas such as mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse, and provides interpretation for deaf and deaf-blind individuals. To learn more about fragile X syndrome or other developmental disabilitiesvisit here. Do you “Follow” and “Like?” Be sure to stay active on our official pages on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, and Pinterest today!