People suffering from bipolar disorder can experience a wide array of moods.
is a lifelong condition that is full of unpredictable ups and downs. Now that we know what bipolar disorder is and how it can be helped, it is important to discuss the moods that sufferers can have. Let’s talk about the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder.
Symptoms and Signs of Manic and Hypomania
While in the manic phase of this disorder, people feel a heightened energy, creativity, and euphoria. They tend to talk a lot, sleep very little, and are hyperactive. They often feel invincible or even destined for greatness. While being manic feels good at first, it has the tendency to spiral out of control when people start feeling reckless. Sufferers often gamble away savings, make foolish investments, or engage in inappropriate behavior. Just because this is a high mood doesn’t mean sufferers may not become angry, irritable, or aggressive. They often lash out on others and pick fights if people criticize them or their behavior. In severe cases, they may even have delusions or start to hear voices. The next emotion is hypomania, which is a less severe form of mania. People in a hypomanic state can feel euphoric and energetic but are able to carry on with their day-to-day lives without losing touch with reality. This good mood can lead to bad decisions and often escalates to full mania or de-escalates to a major depressive episode.
Symptoms and Signs of Bipolar Depression
Bipolar depression was once thought of as regular depression but has seen be researched and found that there are two major differences between the two. Most people with bipolar depression are not helped by antidepressants. Normal antidepressants can actually make the symptoms of bipolar depression worse by triggering mania or hypomania and causing rapid cycling between the moods. Symptoms of bipolar depression include feelings of hopelessness or emptiness, irritability, inability to experience pleasure, fatigue and loss of energy, physical and mental exhaustion, appetite or weight changes, sleep problems, concentration or memory problems, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and thoughts of death or suicide.
Signs and Symptoms of a Mixed Episode
A mixed episode shows symptoms of both mania or hypomania and depression. This combination can show signs of depression combined with agitation, irritability, anxiety, distractibility, racing thoughts, and insomnia. The combination of high energy and low mood makes for a particularly high risk of suicidal thoughts and self-harm.
These moods can fluctuate at any time and can last from a few days to a few weeks depending on the person. But all hope is not lost. With the right balance of counseling
, bipolar sufferers can live a fulfilling and happy life.
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Family Service Foundation, Inc.
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